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小学英语教学设计技巧全天2011年3月——王亚春修改

掌握小学英语设计技巧
In Good Hands In the hands of a gifted teacher A classroom is a magical place There’s a smile on each child's face Creative Energy is Everywhere There’s a Catalyst who Genuinely Cares Desire and Wonder is Awakened The Educational Agenda is Shaken Self-Management Skills are Modeled The Best of Reality is Bottled Gifts and Talents are Refined The Willed Future is Designed

任教学段越低,所需要老师 的良好素质、教学技巧越高。

选择了小学英语这一职业就好 比是选择了“艺术人生”
Not who you are but what you can do. English itself is not attractive, but the teacher is attractive. Love the teacher, love her class.

一 备教材
挖掘教材内部结构 ? 调整已有教材文本 ? 明确重点和难点 ? 找出相关的旧知识
?

挖掘教材内部结构
划分知识类别

明确知识要点
着眼语言运用

划分知识类别 ? chicken milk hamburger rice juice noodles French fries
?

chicken French fries hamburger ? milk juice ? rice noodle
?

明确知识要点 着眼语言运用
Dear Mom and Dad, How are you? I?m here in London this week for a special tour. This Sunday we will take a bus back to our school in Devon. I must say, London is a very interesting city, but I love the peace and quiet of the country. I want you to know that I am taking good care of my health, having lots of walks in the clean country air, and eating lots of vegetables. I hope you are both well. I miss you very much. Your daughter, Zhang Li

Where are you? What do you do? What do you feel ? What do you want ? What are the other things? I want I think I hope I will I promise I miss

调整已有教材
变长为短

变难为易 变板为活

变长为短 变难为易
This is my family
My name is Tom. I?m seven years old. I come from America. I?m in Victory School. I?m in Class Three, Grade One. My father is a teacher. He checks my homework every day. My mother is a doctor. She takes care of me well. I want to be a scientist in the future. What interesting work! But now I must get to work. I do my homework first, then I help my parents do housework. In my family we often help each other.

This is my family

My name is Tom. I?m seven years old. I come from America. I?m in Victory School. I?m in Class Three, Grade One.

My father is a teacher. He checks my homework every day. My mother is a doctor. She takes care of me well.

I want to be a scientist in the future. What interesting work!

But now I must get to work. I do my homework first, then I help my parents do housework. In my family we often help each other.

This is my family Name Age Country School Grade& Class

图示 teacher check

图示 doctor take care of

want to be a scientist What interesting work!

get to work do homework do housework help each other

变板为活
充满爱的家庭: family-------f-father, a-and, m-mother, i-I, l-love, yyou

看图说话,学*家庭成员:
See, see, see, How many people can you see? Six, six , six, Six people I can see. This is my grandfather, This is my grandmother, The man is my father, The woman is my mother, The girl is my sister, The boy is my brother, See, see, see, Come and see them with me.

看笑话,学*How many? ? Teacher: How many countries(国家) are there in the world? ? Maomao: I know. ? Teacher: What are they? ? Maomao: There are two, China and foreign countries.
?

可怜的迷路人。学*Where am I?
It’s not my school. Where am I? ? It’s not my home. Where am I? ? It’s not my room. Where am I? ? Can you tell me? Where am I? ? Yes, you are in your car.
?

教材是什么?
使用手册、 考试大纲、 范例、 河中的船、 桥梁、 超市、 拐杖、 主食、 草稿、 媒介 ……

怎样灵活运用教材?
系统把握教材, 巧妙运用教材,

补充拓展教材,
深入挖掘教材, 合理突*滩摹

文本材料来源: 小学英语新起点五年级上册 Unit 7 TV shows第四课时 文本原文: Do you have a radio in your home? Do you have a television (TV) in your home? You can listen to music on a radio. You can watch films on a TV. Each TV has a screen for the pictures. The first televisions were in people?s homes in about 1952. The screens were small and the picture was black and white. In about 1953, color television came into people?s homes .Today you can buy many kinds of TV. You can buy a very small TV. It can be as small as a watch.You can buy a very big TV. It can be as big as a wall. You can watch your favorite shows on them.

文本材料来源: 小学英语新起点五年级上册 Unit 7 TV shows第四课时 文本原文: Do you have a radio in your home? Do you have a television (TV) in your home? You can listen to music on a radio. You can watch films on a TV. Each TV has a screen for the pictures. The first televisions were in people?s homes in about 1952. The screens were small and the picture was black and white. In about 1953, color television came into people?s homes .Today you can buy many kinds of TV. You can buy a very small TV. It can be as small as a watch. You can buy a very big TV. It can be as big as a wall. You can watch your favorite shows on them.

修改后文本: Do you have a television in your home? In 1924, Baird invented the first television in Britain. The first televisions were in people?s homes in about 1952. The screens were small and the pictures were black and white. In about 1953, color televisions came into people?s homes. The screens were bigger and the pictures were colorful. Today, we have all kinds of televisions. A TV set can be as small as a watch, or as big as a wall. You can enjoy films, plays, music and games on TV as you like. Watching TV is good for us .We can watch our favorite shows on TV. We can get news on TV. TV can make us relaxed. But watching TV is also bad for us. Watching TV too much is bad for our eyes, and we may become couch potatoes. Watching bad shows is not good for our souls. Is watching TV good or bad ? The important thing is “What programs do you watch?” and ” How long do you watch TV?”

展示课要有观摩的价值
展示课的教学容量要和*时基本一致 展示课的教学任务要和*时基本一致 要扩大展示课的可借鉴性

二 备学生
? 了解学生学科知识水*

? 了解学生对文化传统、时代精神的

认识和社会活动经验

三、备目标
1、宏观把握教学内容 先看话题,再看语言点。 攻破语言点的目的是学会说话,而不 是单纯的单词积累。 2、培养学生综合语言运用能力 3、传授具体的知识

用望远镜来把握教材,
用显微镜来处理教材。

五年级

What?s your favorite animal?

Mingming:Hello, Helen. Shall we go to the zoo? Helen:Good idea. Mingming:What animal do you like? Helen:I like panda very much.It?s the most popular animal in China. Mingming:What animal does Alice like? Helen:She likes monkey best. It is funny. Mingming:Does Alice like snake? Helen : No, she doesn?t.It?s very dangerous.What?s your favorite animal? Mingming:Tigers. Helen: Oops! Tigers are dangerous, too. Mingming : Don?t be afraid. Animals are our friends. We should take care of them. Helen:You are right. Most animals are friendly to us. Mingming:I can?t wait. Let?s go to the zoo. Helen:I can see animals now. Look! They are birds,flying

五 年 级 What?s your favorite animal?
Mingming:Hello, Helen. Shall we go to the zoo? Helen:Good idea. Mingming:What animal do you like? Helen:I like panda very much. It?s the most popular animal in China. Mingming:What animal does Alice like? Helen:She likes monkey best. It is funny. Mingming:Does Alice like snake? Helen:No, she doesn?t.It?s very dangerous. What?s your favorite animal? Mingming:Tigers. Helen: Oops! Tigers are dangerous, too. Mingming:Don?t be afraid. Animals are our friends. We should take care of them. Helen:You are right. Most animals are friendly to us. Mingming:I can?t wait. Let?s go to the zoo. Helen:I can see animals now. Look! They are birds, flying in the sky.

教学目标: A.Learn 1.words: animals 2.sentences: What animal do you like? What animal does Alice like? What?s your favorite animal? 3.dialogue: I like… Why… B.know helpful words important phrases special sentences

教学设计要有依据
依据新课程标准 依据新教育理念 依据英语学*萄氐 依据小学生的心理特点 依据小学生的认知规律 依据教学内容 依据实际情况 依据现有的和能开发的教学资源

四 备课眼(Key Point)
To Be Healthy There are some things you should and shouldn?t do to be healthy. To be healthy, you should eat well, sleep well, exercise often and keep clean. It is important to eat good food. You should often eat fruit, vegetables, meat or fish. You shouldn?t eat too much candy or junk food. You should drink at least eight glasses of water each day. You should sleep at least 8 hours each night. It is not good to go to bed too late. To be healthy, it?s also important to exercise every day. Do you walk, swim or run? Do you play sports? To be healthy, you also need to be clean. You should take a shower often. You should brush your teeth every day. You should comb your hair. You must also wash your hands often. If you care for your health, you will not have to see the doctor. You will enjoy your life.

To Be Healthy There are some things you should and shouldn?t do to be healthy. To be healthy, you should eat well, sleep well, exercise often and keep clean. It is important to eat good food. You should often eat fruit, vegetables, meat or fish. You shouldn?t eat too much candy or junk food. You should drink at least eight glasses of water each day. You should sleep at least 8 hours each night. It is not good to go to bed too late. To be healthy, it?s also important to exercise every day. Do you walk, swim or run? Do you play sports? To be healthy, you also need to be clean. You should take a shower often. You should brush your teeth every day. You should comb your hair. You must also wash your hands often. If you care for your health, you will not have to see the doctor. You will enjoy your life.

ill----care for your health----eat----do---clean----sleep

ill(headache,stomachache,cough, ) care for your health----How? Eat---should, plenty of ,more, shouldn’t ,too much Do---should, it’s important to… Clean---should , shouldn’t, it’s important to…, you need… Sleep---(at least, should ,shouldn’t, it’s important to…, you need…

?chicken ?rice

French fries hamburger

noodle

?milk

juice

?hungry-----

eat-----American food---Chinese food----thirsty-----drink…
?金钥匙

敲门砖 关键点

五 备导课
1、导课的作用
? 是路标,引导着学生的思维方向; ? 是桥梁,联系着旧课与新课; ? 是序幕,预示着后面的高潮和结局。

2、导课应注意
1)开课导入 2)新知呈现 一般的导课主要是刺激学生的 听觉、视觉、触觉、嗅觉。小学 英语导课应设法让学生动起来: 动脑子、动嘴巴、动胳膊动腿,且 方法不断变化。 眼口手并用,看说想结合。

导课应遵循的原则
(一) 导课要有针对性 (二) 导课要有启发性 (三) 导课要有新颖性 (四) 导课要有趣味性 (五) 导课要有简洁性

How

many?

I?m drawing my classroom. It is a big room. There are two blackboards and six lights in it. There is one teacher?s desk and thirty students? desks. How many boys are there in the classroom? There are thirteen. How many girls are there in our classroom? You may say there are seventeen. But this answer is wrong. Our English teacher is a girl too. So there are eighteen girls. Oh,dear! The naughty boy Tom is at the front of the classroom. He?s making faces and that makes the others laugh loudly. Be quiet, Tom! Our English teacher is coming.

〔a:〕----- ha ----- ha ha ha ----ha ha ha ha ha ----- laugh ----I make you laugh.------I?m naughty. I?m making faces. I make you laugh.
What am I doing? I?m making faces. What am I doing? I?m drawing pictures.

新标准英语小学一年级起点 第7册 Module 6 A 教学目标: 运用一般过去时,学*神话故事“神笔马良”。 生词 gold , food, took, paintbrush, magic … 了解并应用一般过去时的肯定和否定形式。 。Ma Liang was a good boy. He helped people. He

had a paintbrush. It was magic. This old woman didn?t have food. So Ma Liang painted food. Then the food was real. There was a bad man. He didn?t help people. He took Ma Liang?s magic paintbrush. The bad man didn?t have gold. So he painted gold with the magic paintbrush. But it didn?t make gold. It made a snake!

导课:
1、Sing a song with the Ss. “Old MacDonald had a farm” 由“Old MacDonald had a farm”转入板书,He had a farm. He had…, 课件逐一显示农场、动物。做动作提示学生说出: He had ducks. He had cows. He had cats.

2、Look! Who was he? He was Ma Liang. Did he have a farm? No, he didn?t. He didn?t have a farm. 板书He didn?t have…课件显示马良,并逐一消失农场、动物。 3、做动作提示学生说出 He didn?t have ducks. He didn?t havecows. He didn?t have cats.
4、But he had a paintbrush.课件显示马良手中金光闪闪的 神笔。It was magic.

六、备主线 新知呈现的先后顺序 教学步骤的环环相扣 教学难度的循序渐进 巩固练*的分层递进 课堂用语的连贯衔接

1、ill---headache,stomachache,cough
2、Care for your health----How? 3、Eat---full 4、Do---dirty 5、Clean--- tired, cool 6、Sleep---

Old MacDonald had a farm.---Ma Liang had a paintbrush.--- He drew…—---helped people--- The bad man drew…--- snake…

完整的课堂像故事一样充满情节

七 备练*
讲练结合 层次递进 形式多样 时长恰当 布局合理 整体协调

Name Age Country School Grade& Class

图示 teacher check

图示 doctor take care of

小组活动;

扮演Tom自我介绍

边说边做 chant or sing 课件 角色扮演 doctor, doctor, take care of your patient; teacher, teacher, take care of your student; waiter, waiter, take care of your customer.

get to work
want to be a scientist do homework What interesting work!

do housework
help each other

一人说自己的职业梦想; 其 余 拍 手 齐 说 :

What

interesting work!

Chant: every day, every day do homework every day every day, every day do housework every day

小学英语活动汇总
act chant sing dance play music magic story report argue poem joke

drama tape film TV cartoon video Internet draw perform mime imitate copy bingo TPR game quiz riddle competition tongue-twister

group work
chain games

pair work
hide and seek

jigsaw

interview

role-play

巩固练*
巩固知识机械操练

培养语言能力操练
参与实践体验操练 发散思维活用操练

Ma Liang was a good boy. He helped people. He had a paintbrush. It was magic. This old woman didn?t have food. So Ma Liang painted food. Then the food was real. There was a bad man. He didn?t help people. He took Ma Liang?s magic paintbrush. The bad man didn?t have gold. So he painted gold with the magic paintbrush. But it didn?t make gold. It made a snake!

巩固知识机械操练
1、This is Ma Liang?s story. Now let?s read the story and fill in the blanks. 课件 显示缺少didn?t的整篇文章,让学生边读 边填didn?t。

2、把含有didn?t的句子变为红色,读出 重点句子 This old woman didn?t have food. The bad man didn?t help people. It didn?t make gold.

培养语言能力操练(看图说话) Ma Liang had a paintbrush. It was magic. He painted food. He helped people.

The bad man took the paintbrush.
He painted gold. It made a snake.

参与实践体验操练

小组展示。一人复述故事,其余表 演。表演到It made a snake.时拿出 已准备好的假蛇,增加趣味性。

发散思维活用操练

Ma Liang was a good boy. He helped people.
I helped people, too. Grandpa was old. I helped him. I carried water for him. Mary was ill. I helped her. I cooked for her. You were young. I helped you. I taught you English. Who did you help? Please tell us.让学生思考, 回答问题。

形成性练* 综合性练* 发散性练* 实践性练*

有效性

全面性

灵活性

挑战性
递进性

趣味性
创造性

自主性
交际性

小学英语基本练*汇总
Number Color Draw Match Check Circle Count Point Choose Tick or cross Talk about Word puzzle Pair work Group work Survey Diagram Write the letters in order Ask and answer Say and write Fill in the blanks Listen and find Complete the table Design and write

读出下列数字。 年份:1746 1888 1978 2006 2008 门牌号:Room212 Room620 Room532 电话:82908345 0531-85986710 13001708628 身份证:370103195209055021 370103187911325011

将单词与how many和how much正确搭 配。
apples birds water juice rice

how many

how much

peaches desks milk balls cheese

表里如一真实的我。

happy sad tired hungry thirsty

cry drink eat laugh rest

你知道动物们的*性吗?
1. Cats like ______. hear 2. Pandas like_______ . bamboo 3. ______ sleep in water. fish 4. Tigers like _______ . Elephant 5. Snakes can?t__________. meat 6. __________ can play with children. Frogs 7. __________ can drink water with its trunk. Dogs

做个社会调查,试着写出下列快餐店或快 餐的名称。

麦当劳 肯德基 必胜客 德克士 开心汤姆

薯条 可乐 咖啡 汉堡 冰激凌

人生是丰富多彩的,想一想,在下列时期你做了 什么?
When I was a baby,I_____________________.

When I was seven years old, I_______________.
When I was first in class, I__________________. When I passed the exam, I __________________.

Tom感冒了,怎样才能让他尽快恢复健康呢?

1. (看医生). 2. (吃药) on time. 3. (喝热水). 4. (卧床)for a few days.. 5. (保暖). 6. Don?t (说话)too much. Don?t be so 奋)and 疲劳). Keep (安静).

(兴

和去年相比,你有哪些变化? 快写下你 的成长记录吧。
Last Year This Year

快乐成长大比拼。(练*比较级)
Tom Age Height Weight Mike John Dick

Twelve animals have dinner.(十二生肖大聚餐。) 鼠 牛 ox 虎 兔 龙 dragon 蛇













rooster

boar

备教材 备学生 备课眼 备导入 备主线 备练*

备教材、备学生、备目标: 1、宏观把握教学内容 2、培养学生综合语言运用能力 3、传授具体的知识和技能
备课眼、备导入:开课导入、新知呈现 备主线:环环相扣,循序渐进,引人入胜

的整体教学
备练*:递进,灵活,讲练结合,高效

小学英语教学设计的基本模式
引出并学 *新知1 引出并学 *新知2 引出并学 *新知3
机械练*

练*1
练*2 (2+1)

练*3 (3+2+1)
技能练* 实践练* 发散练*

导学新知

紧跟练* 环环相扣
滚动递进 由浅入深 综合运用

讲练结合

循序渐进

培养能力

阅 读 课
?总-分-总’模式
步骤: 1、呈现全文,让学生阅读,提出有关全文的简单问题。 2、分段阅读,分别处理理解性、知识性或部分语用性 问题。 3、再呈现全文,让学生阅读后,呈现有一定层次的练 *,巩固所学。
优点: 1、学生对要学的文本从一开始就能做到心中有数。 2、学生对文本的理解较牢固。 3、学生能清楚了解文本中的知识点,基本能运用所学。 缺点: 1、教学情境基本依据文本原有情境,教学难以创新。 2、课堂气氛一般。 3、综合语言运用能力的培养情况一般。

?先分后总’模式

步骤: 1、分段导出,分段阅读,分别处理理解性、知识性或 部分语用性问题。 2、呈现全文,让学生阅读,归纳所学。 3、呈现有一定层次的练*,巩固所学。 优点: 1、教师能根据师生特点,有效创设情境导入文本。 2、能让学生带着兴趣走进文本。 3、依据文本,不依赖文本。 4、能有效培养学生的综合语言运用能力。 缺点: 1、学生对文本的整体把握不够。 2、趣味导入和研思文本在形式上落差大,课堂调控有 难度。 3、需要教师拥有较高的综合素质。

阅读课的学练结合
读一读,答一答 ? 读一读,练一练 ? 读一读,问一问 ? 读一读,说一说 ? 读一读,写一写
?

? 将对话变成叙述性文章 ? 改换人称叙述课文 ? 改变时态叙述课文 ? 描述所给的图 ? 改变或改写短文 ? 用不同结构表达同一内容 ? 将同一内容用不同的词语替换 ? 写文章大意

? 续写文章
? 看词组文

教材 学生 目标 课眼 导课 主线 练*

话语比例

教学顺序

板书设计

过程评价 时间安排 桌椅摆放 媒体采集

课堂教学设计要巧做安 排,使各个组成部分优 化组合,使整体功能大 于部分功能之和。

优秀教学设计
新知呈现多样 ? 步骤有序递进 ? 师生话语纷呈 ? 练*贯穿始终 ? 课堂有趣动感 ? 学生主体张扬 ? 评价过程促学 ? 语言综合运用
?

研讨小学英语教学优秀案例

录像1:
人民教育出版社PEP教材 小学英语第八册 Unit4 H O L I D A Y
本课是一节复*课,内容是用 “一般过去时”来描述丰富多彩 的假期生活。

教学设计特色:
1.教学目标不是单纯的讲授一般过去时态,而是利用一般 过去时来开拓学生思维,进而培养学生综合运用语言的能 力。 2.根据新课改精神,贯彻了教为主导、学为主体、练为 主线的思路。以假日为主线贯穿课堂始终,有效引导学生 分 别 谈 论 了 teacher’s holiday, Students’holidays Tom’s holiday and Dora’s holiday,使学生由对话交 际过渡到语言叙述,由听说练*过渡到读写练*,层层深 入,环环紧扣,水到渠成。 3、教学高密度、快节奏、大容量,以有意义的情景、紧 凑的活动、真实的语言交际展开教学。内容多而不乱,练 *繁而不杂,组织教学做到了有序,合理。

录像2:

New Standard English Book7 Module 2 Unit 1 Chinatown in America

教学设计特色:
创设生动情景 重视落实双基 合理拓展教材 采取整体教学 渗透民族文化 培养爱国情感

录像3

Thanksgiving

我们学*模式是为了最 终摆脱模式,走进模式 是为了最终走出模式。

细节见高低,创新看水*

年轻教师 合格教师
优秀教师 风格教师

Thank you




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